What is Horizontal Architecture?
Horizontal architecture is an architectural concept that emphasizes on the use of horizontal elements and a seamless connection between interior and exterior spaces. It is an approach that seeks to create buildings that blend in with the environment and provide a sense of continuity between inside and outside spaces. This article will discuss the concept of horizontal architecture, its history, principles, and examples of its application in contemporary architecture.
History of Horizontal Architecture
Horizontal architecture can trace its roots to the works of Frank Lloyd Wright, an American architect who believed in designing structures that connected the occupants with the surrounding environment. Wright’s designs emphasized on the use of natural materials, such as stone and wood, and the integration of the building with the landscape. He also favored low-pitched roofs, extended eaves, and long horizontal lines that emphasized the building’s horizontality.
Another significant influence on the development of horizontal architecture was the International Style, which emerged in Europe during the early 20th century. The International Style sought to create functional, modern buildings that rejected ornamentation and emphasized on clean lines and geometric shapes. This style favored a horizontal emphasis on the building’s facade, with large windows that allowed natural light to enter the building.
The Prairie House style is characterized by several distinctive features, including;
Principles of Horizontal Architecture
The principles of horizontal architecture focus on creating buildings that blend in with the surrounding environment and provide a seamless connection between inside and outside spaces. Some of the key principles include:
Emphasis on horizontality: Horizontal architecture emphasizes on creating buildings that have a low profile, with extended eaves and long horizontal lines. This design creates a sense of continuity between the building and the surrounding landscape.
Integration with the environment: Horizontal architecture seeks to create buildings that blend in with the environment, using natural materials such as stone, wood, and glass. This approach seeks to minimize the impact of the building on the environment and create a sense of harmony between the building and the surrounding landscape.
“Horizontal architecture is a celebration of life, light, and nature, creating a harmonious balance between the structure and its surroundings.” – Frank Lloyd Wright.
Connection between inside and outside spaces: Horizontal architecture emphasizes on creating a seamless connection between the interior and exterior spaces. This is achieved by using large windows, open floor plans, and outdoor living spaces.
Maximizing natural light: Horizontal architecture seeks to maximize the use of natural light, using large windows and skylights to create bright, airy interiors. This approach helps to reduce the need for artificial lighting and creates a more comfortable living environment.
Examples of Horizontal Architecture
There are many examples of horizontal architecture in contemporary architecture. Some of the most notable examples include:
- Fallingwater: Fallingwater is a famous house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The house is built on a waterfall and features long horizontal lines, extended eaves, and a seamless connection between the interior and exterior spaces.
Glass House: The Glass House is a modernist house designed by Philip Johnson. The house features a minimalist design, with large glass walls that provide unobstructed views of the surrounding landscape.
- Farnsworth House: The Farnsworth House is another example of modernist architecture. The house was designed by Mies van der Rohe and features a simple, elegant design with large glass walls and an open floor plan.
Villa Savoye: Villa Savoye is a famous modernist house designed by Le Corbusier. The house features a simple, minimalist design with clean lines and a seamless connection between the interior and exterior spaces.
Horizontal architecture is an architectural concept that emphasizes on the use of horizontal elements, integration with the environment, and a seamless connection between inside and outside spaces. It has its roots in the works of Frank Lloyd Wright and the International Style and has been applied in contemporary architecture to create buildings that blend in with the surrounding landscape and provide a sense of harmony between the built environment and nature. The principles of horizontal architecture have been successfully applied in many notable.